Networked Selfhood & the Novel
Spring 2019 MW 2:40–4:00 Location: English House III Dr. Grant Wythoff <firstname.lastname@example.org> Office hours Wed 1–2:30 English House Garden Room 001
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The luddites, the philosophers, even the tech evangelists all seem to be in agreement that living in a networked world has changed something about the way we understand ourselves as individuals. But where should we locate the shifting boundaries between the self and the publics we connect with today? On the one hand, networked selfhood involves conscious, authorial acts. We compose sketches of our lives on social media for intimate strangers: high school classmates, public figures, acquaintances we’ve met only once. On the other hand, our carefully curated online profiles pale in comparison to the portraits of our lives being assembled by data brokers, government agencies, and Silicon Valley companies.
In this course, we will turn to novels for lessons in how personhood has been configured differently. Novels allow the reader to see contradictions between the inner and outer person, the character shared with the reader as opposed to the “self” that the character projects to her social world. How have figurations of characters, persons, selves, and individuals changed throughout the history of the novel? How do contemporary novelists represent the new forms of self-fashioning emerging online today? How can we use novels to renegotiate the relationship between privacy—the ability to selectively reveal oneself to the world—and intimacy—when we find ourselves disclosing to others the most important aspects of our lives?
Our weekly readings will mix recent works of media theory examining the self and its relationship to networked others with novels that register shifts or offer models of historically situated selfhood through either narrative means or formal experimentation.
The following books are required for the class, and are available at the campus book store. In addition to these books, we will be reading a number of articles in PDF that will all be linked to in the schedule below.
- Louisa Hall, Speak (2015)
- Kazuo Ishiguro, Never Let Me Go (2005)
- Ann Petry, The Street (1946)
- Henry James, In The Cage (1898)
30% Digital Sabbath Journal
[~10p of writing: 4x2p uploads, 2p final statement]
On Sundays this term, we will institute a “digital sabbath.” What this looks like is up to you. As a starting point, I suggest disconnecting all of your devices from the internet (phones in airplane mode, computer WiFi turned off) for at least six consecutive hours, ideally beginning from the time you wake up. Keep a journal of your experience during this period of disconnection, commenting on your concentration, creativity, productivity, loneliness, etc. Your journal should be kept in a fresh notebook at least 5”x8.5”. You should have this notebook by our second week of classes.
Your journal can take the form of a diary, scrapbook, sketchbook, to-do list, or handwritten drafts of text messages and emails to be sent when you re-connect on Monday. Overall, it will serve as a repository for the ways you experience your sense of self differently when digitally disconnected, and how our class readings served as points of reference for those experiences.
Feel free to experiment with the ways you go about doing this. I want to hear about your techniques of disconnection. If you fail on any given day (that is, if you find yourself turning your Internet connection back on), that’s okay. Reflect on the reasons why you felt that pressure to connect.
Throughout the semester, you will be required to provide four uploads from your journal. You will also be asked to produce an author’s statement at the end of the semester reflecting on the experience, enumerating the subjects, themes, and ideas that you came across and that resonated with our readings throughout the semester.
Several aids will be discussed in class, including the NoPhone, Resistor Case, and IRL Glasses.
10% Distributed Memory Project
[~3 pages of writing]
Using an arbitrarily selected calendar date that the class will agree on as a group (i.e. Wednesday, March 9, 2016), reconstruct a narrative of that day based on traces you have left behind both willingly and unwittingly: emails, Facebook likes, activity trackers, etc. Research your life on that day like a private investigator and be as exhaustive as possible. Then, write a narrative of this day using your digitally-distributed memories. How was this information collected? With or without your knowledge? In our digital sabbath, we’ll reflect on the experience of disconnection. But what forms of digital memorialization do we lose out on when we no longer have such a granular level of access to our daily lives in the past?
10% Data Trails Log
For the week of March 25, keep a data trails log. Every time you shed some data (a debit card transaction, using your phone number for frequent shopper rewards, an email, a status update, sharing your location data, etc.) mark it in your log. Don’t try to actively avoid leaving trails, just passively make a note when you realize that you are leaving a breadcrumb of data behind. You can keep this log, for example, in a notetaking app on your phone, or on an index card, or in a notebook. While in your Distributed Memory project you filled in the gaps of your personal data trails, here you will assemble a portrait from the outside, as if a third party. What do you look like from the perspective of your data?
25% Final Essay
A final essay of 8-10 pages on one of our novels. Answer one of the following: How can we use novels to think about forms of self-fashioning online? How can social media and digital culture help us think about novels?
Class participation is vital to the success of this course. The importance of the works under discussion lies not in the works themselves, but rather in their interrelationship with our discussions and other media that you and I encounter in our daily lives. Simply attending class will not be enough to earn full participation credit. Instead, you must be an active participant, someone who comes prepared and engages with all aspects of the class.
Everyone shares responsibility for including all voices in the discussion. If you have much to say, try to hold back a bit; if you are hesitant to speak, look for opportunities to contribute to the discussion.
Summary of assignment due dates
- Mon, Feb 4: sabbath journal 1
- Mon, Feb 18: sabbath journal 2
- Mon, Mar 4: distributed memory project
- Mon, Mar 18: sabbath journal 3
- Mon, Apr 1: data trails log
- Mon, Apr 15: sabbath journal 4
- Mon, Apr 29: digital sabbath author’s statement
- Fri, May 10: final essay
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wk 1 | Jan 23 | intro
❧ Lauren Oyler, “Habitual User,”, The Baffler, no. 41 (September 2018)
Unit 1: Connection
wk 2 | Jan 28, 30 | misc readings
Monday: (Happy Data Privacy Day!)
❧ Dominic Pettman, Infinite Distraction (Polity, 2015), Preface and Introduction: I Know Why the Caged Bird Tweets
- Install attention trackers. On Android: Digital Wellbeing, on iOS: Screen Time
❧ Amelie Oksenberg Rorty, “A Literary Postscript: Characters, Persons, Selves, Individuals,” in The Identities of Persons, ed. Rorty (Univ. of California Press, 1976), pp. 301-324.
- watch Kashmir Hill, “Goodbye, Big Five” series on Gizmodo
- Install EFF’s Privacy Badger
- on Firefox, use Facebook Container
- Install Scroll-O-Meter plugin for Chrome to track your miles scrolled
wk 3 | Feb 4, 6 | Louisa Hall, Speak (2015)
❧ DUE: SABBATH JOURNAL 1
❧ Hall, pp. 1–78
❧ Hall, pp. 78–157
❧ Claire L. Evans, Broad Band: The Untold Story of the Women who Made the Internet, (Penguin Random House, 2018), Introduction: The Dell, and Chapter 2: Amazing Grace
wk 4 | Feb 11, 13 | Louisa Hall, Speak (2015)
❧ Hall, pp. 158–234
❧ Tracy Chou and Clare L. Evans, SVS: A Play for Four Bots, in Three Acts
❧ Paul Neave, Lonely Tweets
❧ Hall, pp. 235–end
❧ Max Read, “How Much of the Internet is Fake?”, New York Magazine, December 24, 2018
Unit 2: Memorialization
wk 5 | Feb 18, 20 | Selves and Selfies
❧ DUE: SABBATH JOURNAL 2
❧ India Ennenga, “Toward a More Radical Selfie”, The Paris Review, November 27, 2018
❧ Ian Mortimer, “The Mirror Effect”, Lapham’s Quarterly, November 9, 2016
❧ Lev Manovich, et al., SelfieCity
❧ Sarah E. Igo, The Known Citizen: A History of Privacy in Modern America, (Harvard UP, 2018), Chapter 8: “Stories of One’s Self,” pp. 307-349
wk 6 | Feb 25, 27 | Kazuo Ishiguro, Never Let Me Go (2005)
❧ Ishiguro, pp. 1–76
- Conduct self-surveillance using “Apply Magic Sauce” from Cambridge University Psychometrics Center in order to see (and alter) how Facebook creates your psychological profile.
❧ Ishiguro, pp. 77–145
- Install Fuzzify.me, a browser extension developed by Coding Rights that “helps people to thwart future targeted ads and gain transparency into Facebook’s ad platform.”
wk 7 | Mar 4, 6 | Kazuo Ishiguro, Never Let Me Go (2005)
❧ DUE: DISTRIBUTED MEMORY PROJECT
❧ Ishiguro, pp. 146–217
❧ Ishiguro, pp. 218–end
- Install the “People You May Know Inspector” to keep track of how Facebook recommends “friendships” across your extended social networks, and read up on its responses to this and other tools developed by journalists to investigate the platform.
☞ SPRING BREAK | Mar 11–17 ☜
Unit 3: Capture
wk 8 | Mar 18, 20 | Algorithms and Inequality
❧ DUE: SABBATH JOURNAL 3
❧ Taina Bucher, “Affective Landscapes: Everyday Encounters with Algorithms,” in If…Then: Algorithmic Power and Politics (2018), 93-117.
❧ Virginia Eubanks, Automating Inequality: How High-Tech Tools Profile, Police, and Punish the Poor, (St. Martins, 2018) [excerpts]
wk 9 | Mar 25, 27 | Ann Petry, The Street (1946)
❧ Petry, pp. 1–112
❧ Browse Aaron Siskind photographs
❧ Petry, pp. 113–211
Watch the opening scene of The Naked City (1948, dir. Jules Dassin)
wk 10 | Apr 1, 3 | Ann Petry, The Street (1946)
❧ DUE: DATA TRAILS LOG
❧ Petry, pp. 212–326
❧ Ben L. Martin, “From Negro to Black to African American: The Power of Names and Naming,” Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 106, No. 1 (Spring, 1991)
❧ Petry, pp. 327–end
Exercise: request your profile from the following data brokers
Related: What Are ‘Data Brokers,’ and Why Are They Scooping Up Information About You? [Motherboard]; Digital Advertising Alliances Webchoices Tool and bulk opt-out
Unit 4: Closure
wk 11 | Apr 8, 10 | Secrecy, Privacy, Intimacy
❧ Stephen T. Margulis, “Three Theories of Privacy: An Overview,” in Privacy Online: Perspectives on Privacy and Self-Disclosure in the Social Web (2011)
❧ Claire L. Evans, “Luddite Love,” Aeon, January 16 2013
❧ Natasha Singer, “Just Don’t Call it Privacy,” New York Times, Sept. 22, 2018
❧ Mana Azarmi, “Border Searches of Electronic Devices: Oh, The Places Your Data Will Go,” Center for Democracy & Technology blog, Sept. 17, 2018
❧ Riana Pfefferkorn, “On Social Media, How Can DHS Tell Who’s an Immigrant?” Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School blog, Sep 29, 2017
Tips for border security: Christopher Elliot, “How can you protect your right to digital privacy at the border?”; Electronic Frontier Foundation, “Digital Privacy at the U.S. Border: Protecting the Data On Your Devices,” guide published March 2017
wk 12 | Apr 15, 17 | Henry James, In The Cage (1898)
❧ DUE: SABBATH JOURNAL 4
❧ James, pp. 174-198
❧ James, pp. 198-221
❧ Public By Default: stories from publicly-accessible Venmo data
Exercise: play with this Morse code translator
wk 13 | Apr 22, 24 | Henry James, In The Cage (1898)
❧ James, pp. 221-243
❧ Scott B. Weingart, “The Route of a Text Message”, Motherboard/Vice Feb 22, 2019
❧ James, pp. 243-end
❧ Jon Reeve, “The Henry James Sentence: New Quantitative Approaches,” June 2017
Exercise: Visualizing James
- download text of In The Cage [right click, save as]
- upload text file to Voyant
- Read Voyant documentation for more info
- experiment with other visualization types
- compare In the Cage with Kate Chopin’s The Awakening (1899)
wk 14 | Apr 29, May 1 | closing
❧ DUE: DIGITAL SABBATH AUTHOR’S STATEMENT
❧ Presentations on final essay and digital sabbath statement:
❧ Presentations on final essay and digital sabbath statement:
final essay due Fri, May 10
While I do not advocate missing any classes, I realize that you may face unpredictable circumstances once or twice throughout the term. For this reason, you may miss two classes this semester without penalty. Additional absences will impact your final grade. However (and this is important) you are responsible for seeking class notes from a classmate. I will not provide them.
Each additional absence will lower your final grade by half a letter grade. Students with perfect attendance receive a bonus on their participation grade. Two late arrivals count as an absence. Early departures also count as an absence.
If you have a laptop, bring it to class. Periodically, we will use laptops for in-class exercises and experiments. Additionally, if you traditionally a laptop to take notes, feel free to do so; however, please practice good screen etiquette: keep it to the side and don’t stare too long. Our meetings are built around the capacity to listen and observe one another, to be mutually present in our shared physical space. Good screen etiquette allows this to happen.
Late assignments are accepted a week beyond the assignment’s due date. Late assignments will be marked down half a letter grade with each missed day.
I regard plagiarism as a very serious matter. In this class, plagiarism consists of work taken partially or entirely from an uncited source (the Internet, a peer, a published article, etc.) and assumed as your own. If you are caught plagiarizing, I will ask that you report yourself to the Haverford and Bryn Mawr Honor Board.
Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges are committed to providing equal access to students with a documented disability. Students needing academic accommodations for a disability must first register with Access Services. Bryn Mawr students should also contact Deb Alder, Coordinator of Access Services (610-526-7351 or email@example.com), as soon as possible, to verify their eligibility for reasonable academic accommodations. Haverford students should contact Gabriela Moats, Coordinator of Accommodations, Office of Disabilities Services at firstname.lastname@example.org. If you have already been approved to receive academic accommodations and would like to request accommodations in this course because of a disability, please meet with me privately at the beginning of the semester (within the first two weeks if possible) with your verification letter.
Please note that accommodations are not retroactive and require advance notice to implement. Any student who has a disability-related need to tape record this class must first speak with the Coordinator of Access Services and to me, the instructor. Because of laws within the State of Pennsylvania, class members need to be aware that this class may be recorded. More information can be obtained at the Access Services website (http://www.brynmawr.edu/access_services/).
Bryn Mawr | Academic Support and Learning Resources
Students are encouraged to reach out to the Academic Support and Learning Resources Specialist to explore effective learning, studying, test-taking, note-taking and time and stress management strategies that are essential to success in this course and college life. Students can schedule a meeting with Rachel Heiser, the Academic Support and Learning Resources Specialist by calling the Dean’s Office at (610)526-5375. For more information, please visit: http://www.brynmawr.edu/deans/acad_support/learning_resources.shtml
Haverford | Office of Academic Resources (OAR)
Located at Haverford in Stokes Suite 118, the OAR offers students many resources, including communal study spaces, peer tutoring, workshop series, and individual coaching with the center’s trained staff. See their website for more information: http://www.haverford.edu/oar/.
The Writing Center offers free appointments and experienced peer tutors who are there to help you at any stage of the writing process. The Writing Center is located in Canaday Library. You can get more information at http://www.brynmawr.edu/writingcenter.
At Haverford, the Writing Center is located in Magill Library, Stokes, and Zubrow Commons. You can get more information about hours and how to make an appointment at http://www.haverford.edu/writing-center/.